Munich was the host city of the 1972 Summer Olympics, an event that has been overshadowed by the so-called Munich massacre, when Palestinian terrorists attacked and killed eleven Israeli athletes and coaches. While the city’s bid to host the 2018 Winter Games has been unsuccessful, it is nevertheless a sports city. Munich is home to FC Bayern, the most successful German soccer team. The team’s home base, the Allianz Arena with a capacity of 69,000, has been built before the 2006 world cup, during which six games were played here.
Munich’s history goes back to its founding in 1158. It quickly gained significance and was soon one of Bavaria’s most important cities. In 1506, Munich became the capital of Bavaria. In 1589, the now-famous Hofbräuhaus was built by the duke of Bavaria because he intended to brew his own beer instead of importing it - an idea that should proof extremely lucrative over the next centuries. Following WWI, the city became the cradle of a number of extremist political ideas, most fatally of course Adolf Hitler’s rise to power which began from here. Munich was considered the “capital of the movement” by the Nazis, who built many prestigious buildings here. As a result, the city suffered heavy bombing and countless fatalities and was in large parts destroyed during WWII. However, Munich rebounded nicely and was rebuild in an attempt to re-create its old structures instead of trying to turn it into a “modern” city. It has thus been able to retain its very own charm and identity and in German, it is sometimes referred to as the “Millionendorf” (a village with a million inhabitants) to reflect the relative safety of the city.
Apart from the Hofbräuhaus and some fine examples of architecture styles covering several centuries, Munich presents itself as a green city with many parks, the largest of which is the “Englischer Garten”, which is actually larger than New York City’s Central Park and is a great spot to relax, sunbathe, walk and play. The city also has a great number of good museums, a vibrant cultural scene and a widely famous nightlife with bars and clubs to be found in many of the boroughs, most notoriously in Schwabing.