The federal state of Saxony-Anhalt is located in central Germany. It is in large parts, especially in the north, rather sparsely populated. In the western half, contained in Harz National Park, is the highest peak of all of North Germany, the Brocken with an elevation of 1141 meters.
While there are a few areas in the state that profit from some small-scale, mostly domestic tourism, the region around Halle in the southeastern part has for many years been a center of the mining and chemicals industries, unfortunately often without paying much respect to the environment in the past. Another important economic factor is the food industry. In addition, the state has a number of well-reputed universities, some of which have become research centers.
No other German state has more World Heritage Sites than Saxony-Anhalt. Among those are the Bauhaus, origin of the famous architectural style and the well-preserved medieval old town of Quedlinburg in the Harz mountains, a popular tourist destination. In addition, quite a few castles, palaces and historic cathedrals are open to visitors throughout the state.
Since 1990, when Germany was reunited, Saxony-Anhalt has lost more than 500.000 inhabitants, with the trend projected to continue. This development has especially hit the more rural areas hard. In comparison to all other German federal states, Saxony-Anhalt’s population has the lowest percentage of foreign-born people.