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SX Bastei

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LEJ Nikolaikirche

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Image credit: Andreas Steinhoff (upper left)

Quick facts Saxony

Population:

4.04 million

Area:

18,416 km²

Largest city:

Leipzig (population 531,600)

Capital city:

Dresden (population 530,800)

Other important cities:

Chemnitz, Zwickau, Plauen, Görlitz

Popular travel regions:

Ore Mountains, Saxon Switzerland, Vogtland, Upper Lusatia

Minister-President:

Stanislaw Tillich, since 2008

Saxony

Saxony, which carries the designation of “free state” in its official name, is located in Eastern Germany, where it shares a border with Poland and the Czech Republic. It is the sixth-largest of the German federal states by population and was until 1990 entirely a part of the now-defunct German Democratic Republic.

The peaceful revolution that led to the end of Communist East Germany started in Saxony with the famous Monday night demonstrations that took place in Leipzig. That city, Saxony’s largest, has developed into one of the finest examples of reconstruction after Germany’s reunification and is today considered one of the country’s most livable places.

From a tourist’s point of view, the state offers a few regions popular with hikers as well as some historic towns. Leipzig and Dresden, located close to one another, are modern cities with a number of sights worth seeing. The airports of both towns are well connected to the international hubs of Munich and Frankfurt.

Economically, Saxony has successfully met the challenges of necessary structural changes it faced after the reunification and has produced continuous growth rates in recent years. One contributing factor was an extensive upgrade to traffic infrastructure.

Saxony’s unique cultural heritage is expressed in a typically Saxon cuisine as well as in a deep dialect spoken here. The state is home to several highly regarded universities .

Location in Germany

Topics in this section

Coat of arms

Sachsen

 

Sachsen Wappen

Dresden

Leipzig